Norma Torres and René Najera moved to Portland from Mexico about a year ago, with their three kids. They got here just before school started. Their youngest, Samuel, started 8th grade at the local public school and didn’t speak English at first.
"The first week was hard, but it got easier after a week because I had friends," says Samuel, in Spanish. "If I didn't understand something, I would ask my friends 'what did the teacher say?' But after a little while, I was able to understand what the teacher said, and also answer questions."