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A one-paragraph letter, barely a hundred words long, unwittingly became a major contributor to today's opioid crisis, researchers say.

"This has recently been a matter of a lot of angst for me," Dr. Hershel Jick, co-author of that letter, told Morning Edition host David Greene recently. "We have published nearly 400 papers on drug safety, but never before have we had one that got into such a bizarre and unhealthy situation."

Original photo courtesy of Ted Nigrelli

On Sept. 11, 2001, four commercial airplanes in America are hijacked by extremists and crashed into the World Trade Center, the Pentagon and a field in Pennsylvania, becoming the most deadly and devastating terrorist attack in history.

On the same day, whale researchers off the Atlantic coast begin exploring a phenomenon that hasn’t existed for a hundred years.

The Watergate building in Washington D.C.
Flickr Photo/Rudi Riet (CC BY-SA 2.0)/https://flic.kr/p/2FEW1m

Bill Rakde talks to Joseph Janes, associate professor in the University of Washington Information School, about why he includes the 18 and a half minutes of static recording from the Nixon tapes in his new book "Documents that Changed the Way We Live."

You can hear his podcast Documents that Changed the World.

Editor's Note: This piece contains language that some may find offensive.

It's Flag Day! On this week's podcast, we explore the ways that communities of color in the United States relate to the Stars and Stripes.

And we thought it worth a few moments to celebrate a flag created nearly a century ago for black Americans.

A biker on the Burke-Gilman Trail.
Flickr Photo/King County Parks Your Big Backyard (CC BY NC 2.0)/https://flic.kr/p/TEXi8A

If you live in Seattle and own a bike, you’re probably acquainted with the Burke-Gilman trail. But are you acquainted with Burke and Gilman?

Vietnam Vet Steve Gardener at the Drift Inn remembers Bremerton's rough and rowdy past
KUOW Photo/Joshua McNichols

Bremerton's mayor wants people who've been priced out of Seattle to move there. But there's been something holding Bremerton back: the town's reputation. Bremerton used to be known less for its beautiful water views and more for its bar fights and prostitution.


D.J. and Angela Ross were not supposed to end up together, according to their families.

"Actually my grandma on both sides used to tell me, 'Boy, you better leave those white girls alone or else we're going to come find you hanging from a tree,' " says D.J., 35, who is black and grew up in southern Virginia.

Angela, 40, who is white and was also raised in Virginia, remembers being warned: "You can have friends with black people, and that's fine. But don't ever marry a black man."

Hidden in green hills east of South Korea's capital is the House of Sharing, a nursing home for elderly women.

It's a bright, spacious place. But its residents are survivors of a dark chapter of history.

"It was 1942 and I was only 15, running an errand for my parents [in our Korean hometown of Busan], when two Japanese men in uniform grabbed me by the arms and dragged me away," recalls Lee Ok-seon, now age 90. "That's how I became enslaved."

She was sent to work in a brothel in a Japanese-occupied area of northeast China.

Jeremy Chirinos of Renton was in middle school when Jimi Hendrix's house arrived. The failure of a museum project that would have surrounded the house meant he had an affordable place to grow up.
KUOW Photo/Joshua McNichols

The body of musician Jimi Hendrix lies in a Renton cemetery. Across the street is the Hi-Land Mobile Manor Park, which looks like it hasn’t changed much since it was built in the 1950s.

A few years ago, a 900-square-foot house showed up to the mobile home park on a flatbed truck trailer. It was Hendrix’s childhood home. It rolled up to the mobile park because of a dream. A dream that would not come true.


Auburn's population was almost 1/3 Japanese American, before World War II and the internment. After the war, many families did not come back. This family photograph is on display at the White River Valley Museum, in Auburn.
White River Valley Museum

Auburn, Washington, used to be an agricultural community surrounded by farmland. Many of those farms were owned by Japanese-Americans. But the internment in WWII changed everything.


One week ago workers found a tunnel filled with radioactive waste caved in at the Hanford nuclear site in southeast Washington. State officials and tribes are calling for quick cleanup action.

But how did we get here?

This image is a close up of the standing timber on the south end of Mercer Island.  The image is generated using a side scan sonar towed behind a boat about 20 feet off the bottom. The trees are visible mostly from the shadows they cast.
Courtesy of Ben Griner of Coastal Sensing & Survey

At the southern end of Lake Sammamish, just off Greenwood Point, several jagged, gray logs stick up from the water. They’re the only visible sign of an ancient, perfectly-preserved underwater forest that’s been sitting at the bottom of the lake for over a thousand years.

Workers in New Orleans dismantled the city's Jefferson Davis monument early Thursday, removing the prominent statue of the Confederate leader that had stood for more than 100 years.

"This historic moment is an opportunity to join together as one city and redefine our future," Mayor Mitch Landrieu said as he announced that crews had begun removing the statue, the second of four planned removals of Confederacy-related monuments.

Two hands are painted on the wall mark the area where detainees are supposed put their own before they were processed at the former INS building.
KUOW Photo/Ruby de Luna

People may know about the immigration detention center in Tacoma. But one of the earlier detention centers was in Seattle’s Chinatown-International District.

It was built to enforce the Chinese Exclusion Act that was signed into law 135 years ago this week. The law prohibited Chinese laborers from entering the country. 

Twenty-five years ago, the 27th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution was ratified — nearly two centuries after it was written. The improbable story of how that happened starts with the Founding Fathers themselves and winds up at the University of Texas. And it's a heartening reminder of the power of individuals to make real change.

Hops pickers at Titus Farm, on the site of modern-day Kent (formerly known as Titusville). Titus farm and Titusville were named after the same prominent family of settlers. Everett E. Titus in white shirt.
White River Valley Museum Collection, Gift of Erle Titus.

When Kent, Washington, was first settled by Europeans, it was called Titusville. So why the name change? Because of beer.

Or, to be more precise, because of hops.

Or, to be even more precise, because of western Washington's great 19th-century hops craze.


Sandi and Princess Di

Apr 20, 2017
Original photo from Flickr/Maxwell Hamilton (CC BY 2.0)/https://flic.kr/p/6PaeSk

On August 31, 1997, Diana, Princess of Wales, is involved in a nighttime crash in Paris that leads to her death, the death of her partner Dodi Fayed and driver Henri Paul.

On the same day, a phone call in the middle of the night leads Sandi Clark to an emergency room and a tragedy she’s not sure she can handle. 

Original photo from Flickr/usacetulsa (CC BY 2.0)/https://flic.kr/p/shYgpH

On April 19, 1995, a bomb is detonated outside the Alfred P. Murrah Building in Oklahoma City. Nearly 700 are wounded and 168 people killed in the largest domestic terror attack in United States history.

On the same day, Captain Brian Udell is forced to eject from his fighter jet at the speed of sound and fight for survival while lost in the Atlantic Ocean.

Original photo in public domain

On April 20, 2010, British Petroleum suffers an explosion at its Deepwater Horizon rig in the Gulf of Mexico. Eleven workers are killed and the rig begins to leak millions of barrels of oil, the worst spill in history.

On the same day, Kayla Gerdes loses control of a van she’s driving and her life is changed forever.

Jechul and Mount St. Helens

Apr 20, 2017
Original photo in public domain

On May 18, 1980, Mount St. Helens erupts in Washington state. It’s one of America’s most destructive natural disasters, spreading ash across 11 states, causing the largest landslide in recorded history and destroying all life within miles of the blast.

On the same day, 18-year-old South Korean Jechul Ru finds himself caught up in a nationwide protests against the government and the government’s deadly response.

Gerry and Martin Luther King, Jr.

Apr 20, 2017
Original photo from Flickr/charley1965 (CC BY-SA 2.0)/https://flic.kr/p/6w5ds

On April 4, 1968, civil rights leader Martin Luther King Jr. is assassinated at a hotel in Memphis, Tennessee, threatening to further strain civil unrest in America.

On the same day, Gerry Griffin sits in the control room at NASA, struggling to guide a damaged Apollo rocket into space. 

Original Photo courtesy of Jefferson County Sheriff's Department

On April 20, 1999, Dylan Klebold and Eric Harris walk into Columbine High School and begin shooting classmates and teachers. They murder 13 and injure nearly two dozen more before committing suicide.

On the same day, Kathleen Tyson, who is HIV positive, walks into a courtroom to fight for the right to breastfeed her infant son, which the state of Oregon claims will kill him.

Danny and Mandela

Apr 20, 2017
Original Photo from Flickr/Thomas Berg (CC BY-SA 2.0)/https://flic.kr/p/68KS7i

On February 11, 1990, Nelson Mandela is released from prison after being confined for 27 years as a political prisoner. His release is a global event and signals the beginning of the end of apartheid in South Africa.

On the same day, 24-year-old Danny Johnson cuts through the final bar of his cell and escapes from a prison in Joliet, Illinois, unsure where he’ll end up.

Megan and the Columbia

Apr 20, 2017
Original photo courtesy of NASA

On February 1, 2003, the Space Shuttle Columbia breaks apart on its 28th mission while re-entering the atmosphere. The seven-member crew are killed almost immediately, the first astronaut fatalities in almost 20 years.

On the same day, Megan Sukys travels to see her dying father and come to terms with what his life meant. 

Geov Parrish.
Courtesy of Geov Parrish

The Seattle Times dropped a bombshell on the local political scene last week, publishing a lengthy account of interviews with three separate men who claim that Mayor Ed Murray paid them for sex while they were underage gay drug abusers in the 1980s.

You know the name Rosa Parks. But do you know David Sohappy? He was at the center of a 30-year legal battle over Native American rights to fish salmon.

Next week the Yakama will mark the 30th anniversary of what they call the “Fish Wars.”

Blink while driving on Highway 34, east of Greeley, Colo., and you might miss the former town of Dearfield.

All that's left of the once-thriving town on Colorado's eastern plains are a rundown gas station, a partially collapsed lunch counter and a former lodge. They are the only indication that there was once a community here. The grass around these buildings is crispy and straw-colored, whipped back and forth by relentless winds. The snowcapped Rocky Mountains barely peek through the haze to the west.

On Nov. 18, 1978, an itinerant preacher, faith healer and civil rights activist named the Rev. Jim Jones led more than 900 of his followers to kill themselves by drinking cyanide-laced Flavor Aid at their Jonestown settlement in the jungle of Guyana. Nearly 40 years later, questions still linger regarding the Jonestown massacre and the man who inspired it.

Journalist Jeff Guinn details how Jones captivated his followers in his new book, The Road to Jonestown. He calls Jones a "tremendous performer" who exhibited "the classic tendencies of the demagogue."

Civil Rights leader Martin Luther King Jr. was assassinated in 1968.
Wikimedia Commons

On April 4, 1968,  Gary Heyde had just arrived for a conference at Kentucky State College. He and more than 500 students from every major black university waited in line to register. Heyde happened to be the only white student there.

No more than 20 minutes had passed when a girl came running into the lobby where conference-goers waited to register. “They’ve killed Martin,” she screamed.

At first, the room was cloaked in complete and total silence. Then chaos ensued.

A 1960s sign from an old flophouse in Pioneer Square in Seattle.
Flickr/Matthew Klein (CC BY-NC-ND 2.0) https://flic.kr/p/4PF4Bn

It’s not an easy time to find an apartment in Seattle. You’d be hard pressed to find a one-bedroom on Capitol Hill for less than $1,400 per month — and rents for similarly-sized apartments in swanky new buildings regularly soar upward of $3,000.

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