Saudi Arabia Dropped From List Of Those Harming Children; U.N. Cites Pressure | KUOW News and Information

Saudi Arabia Dropped From List Of Those Harming Children; U.N. Cites Pressure

Jun 9, 2016
Originally published on June 10, 2016 11:18 am

United Nations Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon made a startling admission Thursday, saying he bowed to pressure over a report that blasted Saudi Arabia for child casualties that have resulted from its bombing campaign in Yemen.

Ban called it one of the most difficult choices he had to face. The U.N. report on children in armed conflict worldwide describes, in Ban's words, "the horrors no child should have to face."

The report held Saudi Arabia and its coalition partners responsible for about half of the attacks on schools and hospitals and 60 percent of the nearly 2,000 children killed and injured. The report stands, but Ban said he made a "decision to temporarily remove the Saudi-led coalition countries from the report's annex," which lists those who violate children's rights.

He made clear that U.N. funding was at stake. "I also had to consider the very real prospect that millions of other children would suffer grievously if, as was suggested to me, countries would de-fund many U.N. programs," he said.

He didn't name the countries that threatened to cut off funding to the U.N., but it was clear he came under pressure from Saudi Arabia and other coalition members.

"It is unacceptable for member states to exert undue pressure," Ban added.

Minutes after Ban spoke, Saudi Arabia's ambassador to the United Nations, Abdallah al-Mouallimi, stepped to the microphone at the U.N. in damage-control mode.

"It is not in our style, it is not in our genes, it is not in our culture to use threats and intimidation," the Saudi ambassador said.

He said in his meetings he did not threaten to withhold funds to the U.N. But he did take issue with the report, noting that Saudi Arabia was not consulted before it was published.

Previous Cases

This isn't the first time the U.N. has caved to pressure on its annual report on children in armed conflict.

Last year, according to human rights activists, the U.S. lobbied to make sure Israel wasn't put on the list for its 2014 battle with Hamas in the Gaza Strip.

That was an unfortunate precedent, said Eva Smets, director of the advocacy group Watchlist on Children and Armed Conflict.

"It is very important that there's no double standards being applied in composing this list," she said. "That you get on this list, no exception, if you violate children rights."

Smets doesn't think Ban's mea culpa was enough.

Another activist, Sarah Lee Whitson of Human Rights Watch, says it is outrageous that the U.N. secretary-general has shown once again he can be bullied.

"There's a reason why the secretary-general called this a list of shame," Whitson said. "It's meant to shame countries that are abusive and have been the worst abusers of children. The notion that you can get off it if you scream loud enough and are rich enough is scandalous."

In Yemen, hundreds of children have died in what she describes as a devastating and reckless aerial campaign by the Saudis and their coalition partners, which include several other Arab states in the Gulf.

The Saudis are fighting against Houthi rebels who control Yemen's capital, Sanaa, and other key parts of the country. The Saudis say their archrival, Iran, backs the Houthis.

"It's been such an ugly bombardment campaign that it's clear that the secretary-general had no choice but to put them on the list," Whitson said. "Because if they were not on the list their absence would be galling and shocking."

Mouallimi, the Saudi ambassador, said his country's delisting was permanent.

Human Rights Watch and others are lobbying hard, though, to get the Saudis put back on the list.

Copyright 2017 NPR. To see more, visit http://www.npr.org/.

ARI SHAPIRO, HOST:

The U.N. secretary-general made a stunning admission today. Ban Ki-moon suggested that he bowed to financial pressure from Saudi Arabia over a report that blasted a Saudi-led coalition for killing children in Yemen. The report still stands, but the secretary-general took the Saudis off a list at the end of the report. NPR's Michele Kelemen has the story.

MICHELE KELEMEN, BYLINE: The report on children in armed conflict describes as the U.N. secretary-general puts it - the horrors no child should have to face. It says in the civil war in Yemen, the Saudi-led coalition was responsible for 60 percent of the nearly 2,000 children killed or injured. So he understands why some were outraged when he took the coalition off the report's list of worst offenders.

(SOUNDBITE OF ARCHIVED RECORDING)

KURT WALDHEIM: I also had to consider the very real prospect that millions of other children would suffer grievously if, as was suggested to me, countries would defund many U.N. programs.

KELEMEN: He didn't name the countries that threatened to defund or cut off funding to the U.N., but he was clearly referring to pressure from Saudi Arabia and other coalition partners.

(SOUNDBITE OF ARCHIVED RECORDING)

WALDHEIM: It is unacceptable for member states to exert undue pressure.

KELEMEN: Minutes later, Saudi Arabia's ambassador to the U.N. Abdallah al-Mouallimi stepped to the microphone in damage-control mode.

(SOUNDBITE OF ARCHIVED RECORDING)

ABDALLAH AL-MOUALLIMI: It is not in our style. It is not in our genes. It is not in our culture to use threats and intimidation.

KELEMEN: He says in his meetings, he did not threaten to withhold funds to the U.N., but he did take issue with the report noting that Saudi Arabia was not consulted before it was published with the coalition listed.

This isn't the first time the U.N. has caved to pressure in its annual report on children in armed conflict. Last year, the U.S. was seen as helping to keep Israel off a blacklist for its military campaign in Gaza. That was an unfortunate precedent, says Eva Smets, who's the director of the advocacy group called Watchlist on Children in Armed Conflict.

EVA SMETS: It's very important that there is no double standards being applied in composing this list, that you get on the list no exception if you violate children's rights.

KELEMEN: And you only get off if you end or prevent violence against children. Smets doesn't think Ban Ki-moon's mea culpa was enough. Another activist Sarah Leah Whitson of Human Rights Watch says it is outrageous that the U.N. secretary-general has shown once again he can be bullied.

SARAH LEAH: There's a reason why the secretary-general called this a list of shame. It's meant to shame countries that are abusive and have been the worst abusers of children. And so the notion that you can get off it if you scream loud enough and you're rich enough is scandalous.

KELEMEN: In Yemen, hundreds of children have died in what she describes as a devastating and reckless aerial campaign by the Saudi-led coalition.

WHITSON: It's just been such an ugly bombardment campaign.

KELEMEN: So, she says, it's galling and shocking not to have the Saudis on the list of shame. Human Rights Watch and others are lobbying hard to put the Saudis back on. Saudi Arabia's ambassador says his country's delisting is permanent. Michele Kelemen, NPR News, Washington. Transcript provided by NPR, Copyright NPR.